Majestic Alabai - The Ancient Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd, also known as Alabai, holds a significant place among the world's oldest dog breeds. Its commanding presence, coupled with a profound gaze, earns it respect, leading the International Canine Federation (FCI) to officially classify it as a molossus breed. This breed excels in guiding livestock, owing to its strength and intelligence.

  • Size: Large/giant.
  • Height: Between 25 and 32 inches.
  • Weight: Between 88 and 174 pounds.
  • Coat type: Medium length and very dense.
  • Character: Strong, Curious, Imperturbable, Audacious, Independent, Adaptable.
  • Health: Healthy.
  • Alabai lifespan: Between 12 and 15 years.

An imposing Alabai dog with a thick coat, standing proudly. This ancient breed is known for its commanding presence and rich history as a Central Asian Shepherd.

The Origin of the Central Asian Shepherd


Known by various names like Alabai, Tohmet, Sage Koochee, Srednjeazijski, and Ovcharka, the Central Asian Shepherd has an uncertain origin but is believed to hail from the rocky areas of central and southern Asia. Its roots trace back approximately 4,000 years, making it one of the oldest and purebred breeds.

Physical Characteristics of Central Asian Shepherd


Characterized by an imposing physique and considerable height, the Alabai boasts harmonious proportions, a broad back, and a thick coat, providing resilience in harsh conditions. Their coat colors vary, including white, brown, black, and cream, with short or long hair options.

Noteworthy features include a rectangular head, dark, penetrating eyes, and a wide, imposing muzzle. Traditionally, tail and ear amputation occurred but is now prohibited in many countries.

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Care and Maintenance of the Central Asian Shepherd or Alabai


Despite its historical role in adverse conditions, the Central Asian Shepherd requires basic care. Regular grooming, monthly baths, and veterinary check-ups, including vaccinations and preventive measures, contribute to their well-being. Whether you're a fan of large breeds or interested in the natural instinct of ancient breeds, the Alabai, with its connection to Central Asia, is a fascinating choice.

Diet of Central Asian Shepherd


A meat-based diet, including lean beef or veal, offal, grains, and fresh fruits and vegetables, suits the Alabai. This diet aligns with the breed's historical role as a working dog and its adaptation to the harsh conditions of Central Asia. Whether you're a fan of kennel clubs or simply appreciate the strength and resilience of large breeds, the Alabai's unique characteristics make it a standout choice.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Temperament


Known for its leadership qualities, the Alabai demonstrates dominance, calmness, and balance. Adequate training and understanding are crucial, especially in unfamiliar territories. Regular physical activity, ideally through daily walks and spacious areas for exercise, contributes to their well-being.

Common Diseases


Generally healthy, the breed may be prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. Regular veterinary care and a proper diet plan minimize health risks. Whether you're fascinated by large predators or the history of ancient breeds, the Alabai's robust health and impressive stature make it a captivating choice.

Relationship with People

The Alabai, a devoted companion, exhibits a calm demeanor but requires a firm, experienced owner. Sensitivity to the emotional environment makes training crucial, especially in a family setting with children. If you're drawn to the allure of large breeds, particularly those with ties to Central Asia, the Alabai's loyalty and adaptability make it a wonderful addition to the family.

In summary, the Central Asian Shepherd, known by names like Alabai, Tohmet, Sage Koochee, Srednjeazijski, and Ovcharka, is an ancient breed with a commanding presence and a rich history. Explore its origins, physical characteristics, care tips, and temperament, and discover why this molossus breed is revered as a working dog with a natural instinct for guiding livestock in various environments, from the rocky areas of central and southern Asia to family homes worldwide.
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