- Height: 10 inches to 1 foot, 2 inches tall at the shoulder.
- Weight: 14 to 18 pounds
- Life span: 12 - 14 years.
- It is ideal for: Houses, flats, apartments, children.
Origin of the pug dog breed
As happens more often than we would like, the origin of the pug is quite controversial and uncertain. What we do know is that it comes from China, but no one ventures to affirm with certainty which are its predecessors. It is said that it may be related to the Pekingese and other similar dogs, although others think that, on the contrary, could be a relative of larger dogs, such as some molossers.
Both in Europe, and later in the United States, pug dogs have been adored by thousands of people since the beginning and considered an excellent companion dog, in addition to show dogs. It could be said that in Europe there is a general fascination for this breed.
Physical Characteristics of the Pug Breed
The pug is a dog of small size and chubby body but very compact, strong musculature. Its head is large, round and covered with wrinkles. His snout is very flat, almost flat, and his eyes round, large and dark, sweet-eyed. The pug has small ears and its disposition can vary, some have folded back, called "ears in pink", and others have "button ears", which are folded forward and point to the eyes.
The tail of the pug is curled, preferably twice, over the back.
The hair of the pug dog is short, soft and shiny. Different shades are accepted, such as silvery white, black, fawn and orange. The muzzle and other details on the face are black.
Character of the pug breed
The pug has the perfect behavior of a companion dog, affectionate, cheerful, lively, attached to his family. They usually have a great tendency to attract attention, but are not excessively naughty.
They are easy enough to socialize and get along with all kinds of people and animals. However, when playing with children, watch out for the intensity of the treatment! Excessive play can disturb or even damage the pug.
Pussy dogs are very good and calm, they don't usually have behavioral problems. However, if they spend too much time alone, they may develop separation anxiety, and this sometimes leads to destructive or overly nervous behavior. They need constant companionship and physical and mental stimulation.
The pug can be the perfect pet for all kinds of people, whether living alone or in family, with or without children somewhat grown. They are even a perfect choice for inexperienced people looking for their first canine companion. They are not suitable, however, for families with very young children who, due to their young age, still do not know how to treat a dog properly.
Pug dog breed care
The pug is not a dog that requires a lot of time invested in care, but that does not mean that we can forget their needs. It will be necessary, for example, to brush his coat once or twice a week, to keep his coat healthy and shiny, free of dirt and dead hair. Keep in mind that they tend to lose a lot of hair; if you want to prevent your house from getting full of hairs, brush the pug as much as you can. Bathing should not be very frequent, only when it is really dirty. Watch out for wrinkles! It is best to clean them with a damp cloth and dry them thoroughly to avoid the appearance of fungi and other skin infections.
We should not demand a very intense exercise from the dogs of race pug. Moderate walks a couple of times a day, complemented with appropriate games inside or outside the home are enough to meet the physical needs of our dog pug. Beware also of thermal shocks, especially if you live in an area of very hot and humid climate.
In order to finish the section of cares, we comment you again the importance of the company for this dog. The pug is not a dog with a character compatible with people who spend most of the day away from home. They need constant attention and affection, as excessive loneliness saddens them and makes them somewhat destructive. This doesn't mean that you can't leave home because you have a pug; a normal life, 8 hours at work, leisure time on weekends, etc, is fine. But we don't recommend leaving a pug dog alone for an entire day, let alone longer periods.
Otherwise, the pug is a very adaptable dog and can live in all kinds of dwellings and environments, even in densely populated urban areas!
As for training, like socialization, it is quite simple in the case of pug dogs. We recommend training in a positive tone, oriented to reward. Clicker training gives very good results. You can also reward the pug with treats for dogs, but don't overdo it, beware of its weight! Dogs would love to feed on prizes, but it can't be!
SEE ALSO: What Breeds of Dogs are Most Likely To Suffer Heatstroke?
The most common pug dog health problems
The pug is usually a fairly healthy dog, but it should highlight its main problem, the short snout. This funny feature has its negative side, and can negatively affect the health of the pug. Some pathologies related to this are respiratory problems, elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, patellar luxation, entropion and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
On the other hand, they occasionally present cases of epilepsy and also eye injuries, the latter due to their bulging eyes.
Last but not least, as we have already mentioned, beware of their food! They tend to get a little chubby; and as we know, if we let it go and they end up suffering from canine obesity, this can have very negative consequences for their health! Don't give him too many treats, and when it comes to feed, give him one that is appropriate for his age and size. If you find a specific one for pug dogs, even better.