This not only leads to bad breath (halitosis) or darker teeth - if the biting teeth hurt, dogs eat worse. In addition, the gums can become inflamed and lead to secondary diseases. The right dental care in dogs is therefore essential.
Why is dental care important for dogs?
Healthy bitches are vital for dogs. Whether for eating, bellowing, playing, gnawing, hunting or even for communication (e.g. as a deterrent) - our four-legged friends need their teeth every day. Unfortunately, the abrasion that dogs have when using their teeth is not enough to prevent tartar, for example.
Tartar in dogs
Tartar is formed by food residues in combination with saliva and minerals sticking to the rough tooth surface. The food remains then form a perfect breeding ground for the bacteria in the dog's mouth. The bacteria multiply rapidly and the typical deposits (plaque) on the teeths occur. The food sticks even better to this and the tartar spreads.
In principle - we know about ourselves - a little tartar is not bad. These are unsightly stains and sometimes a slightly rougher layer on the tooth, but tartar does not cause pain. At least not as long as it's ever removed. However, this is somewhat more difficult in dogs than in humans.
While we simply go to the dentist, the tartar in dogs can usually only be removed surgically under general anesthesia.
In addition, tartar favors more tartar, especially if dental care does not take place. Excessive tartar no longer only leads to bad breath and discoloration - the gums can also become inflamed. Periodontosis is usually the result. The gums recede and the necks of the teeth are exposed. If periodontosis remains unnoticed, it can progress until even the roots of the teeth are open or the jaw boiling is attacked. Then the tooth can usually no longer be saved.
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Which dogs are prone to tartar?
In principle, every dog can get tartar if dental care does not take place. However, small breeds are more prone to tartar formation. This is due, among other things, to the closer together standing bitches, in which easily food remnants accumulate.
Maltese, for example, have teeth that are particularly close together. Dachshunds and poodles, on the other hand, have a rather narrow jaw and are therefore also endangered.
Basically, however, the older dogs get and the worse the dental care, the higher the tartar risk.
How do I recognize tartar in dogs?
It is important that you have your dog's teeth checked regularly or have them checked by a vet. You should train this already in the puppy age, so that it does not come to friction later, if you want to look at the teeth.
Tartar is initially visible as a gray-yellow discoloration of the upper tooth (root of the gum). At an advanced stage, a rather brownish, firm layer forms on the teeth.
More signs of tartar:
- Bright red gums
- Increased salivation
- bleeding gums
- Strong bad breath
- Loss of appetite or one-sided chewing
- Retraction of the gums
Dental care in dogs: How to prevent tartarSo that it does not even come so far, the bitches of your dog must be looked after regularly. The most effective against plaque and to avoid tartar is - as with us humans - daily tooth brushing. However, never use a toothbrush or toothpaste from the drugstore to clean your pet's teeth. Our brushes are usually too hard for our dogs and the toothpaste too sharp.
That is why special dog toothbrushes and dog toothpaste are now available in specialist shops or from many veterinarians. Sometimes even with a delicious meat or fish taste to make tooth brushing more pleasant for the quadruped.
If your dog is not a fan of the toothbrush, you can also brush the bitches with a fingerstall covered with toothpaste. Alternatively, there is also tooth gel that is simply applied without having to make the brushing movement.
My dog won't let me touch his teeth - what can I do?
Instead, you can use alternative means for the dog's dental care. With healthy dog teeth, for example, you can promote tooth cleaning by chewing bones or chewing toys. If your quadruped is not the biggest chewing fan or already has a toothache, you can also add a mouthwash for dogs to the water bowl. In addition, there are also various natural feed supplements on the market (with algae or minerals), which are also supposed to have a preventive effect against tartar. However, always consult your vet about this. He can also give you additional tips on dental care for your dog.
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Dental care in dogs: Possible dental care products
- Dog toothbrush
- Dog toothpaste
- Dental care gel
- Dental Care Fingerling
- Special mouthwash for dogs (in drinking water or for spraying)
- Chewing bars, buffalo skin bones, bull whips, etc.
- Chewing toys like Kong, chewing ropes or dental care ball
- Dental care sticks or dental bones (sometimes very high in calories)
- Natural feed supplements