When Should i Give My Dog Treats?

March 03, 2019
If you're starting to educate your dog with positive reinforcement, it's quite possible that you're using cookies to motivate him, but when should you give him dog treats?

If you're training your dog with positive reinforcement, congratulations! It's one of the best ways to educate your dog. Giving your furry little friend a treat will help reward (and enhance) his behaviour.

On top of that, giving your dog treats is much better than giving him your leftovers! A thousand times healthier and more nutritious for your pet.

Do dog treats only serve to educate? No! They can also serve to create a relationship of greater trust and love with your dog friend.

When Should i Give My Dog Treats


However in dog universum we want to give you all the information so we also want to give you a couple of tips:

Don't go too far with dog treats!


Keep in mind that treats are a complement to your dog's diet, not his food!

If you give him lots of treats instead of his food, you wouldn't be giving him the nutritional values he needs! In addition, treats fatten more than their feed, so your pet could get fat.

What's the rule? Doggie treats should never be more than 10% of your dog friend's food. They are very good! But... moderation!


SEE ALSO: Toxic Food For Dogs - What They Should Never Eat


What are the best treats for my dog?


As you know, there are lots of treats for different dogs! There are so many shapes, sizes, textures, flavours, ingredients on the market... However, not all treats are perfect for your dog!

Ideally, you should choose treats that are not only delicious, but also healthy. If it has a lot of sugar and fat, don't buy them! If you can choose, choose the ones with the highest quality.

On the other hand, one aspect you can take into account is the size of your dog. If you give your dog too much or too little treats, you could cause an esophageal obstruction!

Your dog, too, has his preferences!


Every dog prefers one type of biscuit, either softer or crunchy, and biscuits that don't have any cereal are usually the favourites!

How to train your dog using treats?


Even today there are still people who are not very convinced about using treats to educate their pet, but in reality they are the ideal positive reinforcement! They will help us reinforce our dog's good behavior.

However, if you are in the middle of educating your dog, the best thing is that apart from the treat, you also offer a verbal reinforcement such as, "good dog", "very good", "that's how I like it".

Don't empower negative attitudes! And it is that if your dog is aggressive, or with an inadvisable behavior, do not reward him! If you did, you would be reinforcing that bad habit!



Use dog treats to strengthen your bond with your dog


If you offer your dog treats to reward his good behavior, you'll also be strengthening the bond you have with each other!

However, this should be done in moderation, as you could be giving him a lot more calories than he needs! You don't want your dog to become a ball, do you?
When Should i Give My Dog Treats? When Should i Give My Dog Treats? Reviewed by Dog Universum on March 03, 2019 Rating: 5

Pug Dog Breed Information, a Small Great Dog

February 25, 2019
as it is known in different countries, the pug is a very popular dog breed around the world. These animals are characterized by being friendly and adapt quickly to the family environment. However, they need special care. Are you interested in learning more about this breed? Continue reading the article.

Pug Dog Breed Information, a Small Great Dog

  • Height: 10 inches to 1 foot, 2 inches tall at the shoulder.
  • Weight: 14 to 18 pounds
  • Life span: 12 - 14 years.
  • It is ideal for: Houses, flats, apartments, children.
If you love the pug, read on and you will discover if you are his suitable companion.

Origin of the pug dog breed


As happens more often than we would like, the origin of the pug is quite controversial and uncertain. What we do know is that it comes from China, but no one ventures to affirm with certainty which are its predecessors. It is said that it may be related to the Pekingese and other similar dogs, although others think that, on the contrary, could be a relative of larger dogs, such as some molossers.

What is certain is that, along with the Pekingese, the Pug were the favorite dogs in Tibetan monasteries. It is believed that it may have been Dutch merchants who, in some of their travels from China, brought the pug to Europe, extending their presence first in France and England, and later in the rest of the continent.

Both in Europe, and later in the United States, pug dogs have been adored by thousands of people since the beginning and considered an excellent companion dog, in addition to show dogs. It could be said that in Europe there is a general fascination for this breed.

Pug Dog Breed Information

Physical Characteristics of the Pug Breed


The pug is a dog of small size and chubby body but very compact, strong musculature. Its head is large, round and covered with wrinkles. His snout is very flat, almost flat, and his eyes round, large and dark, sweet-eyed. The pug has small ears and its disposition can vary, some have folded back, called "ears in pink", and others have "button ears", which are folded forward and point to the eyes.

The tail of the pug is curled, preferably twice, over the back.

The hair of the pug dog is short, soft and shiny. Different shades are accepted, such as silvery white, black, fawn and orange. The muzzle and other details on the face are black.

Black pug dog


Character of the pug breed


The pug has the perfect behavior of a companion dog, affectionate, cheerful, lively, attached to his family. They usually have a great tendency to attract attention, but are not excessively naughty.

They are easy enough to socialize and get along with all kinds of people and animals. However, when playing with children, watch out for the intensity of the treatment! Excessive play can disturb or even damage the pug.

Pussy dogs are very good and calm, they don't usually have behavioral problems. However, if they spend too much time alone, they may develop separation anxiety, and this sometimes leads to destructive or overly nervous behavior. They need constant companionship and physical and mental stimulation.

The pug can be the perfect pet for all kinds of people, whether living alone or in family, with or without children somewhat grown. They are even a perfect choice for inexperienced people looking for their first canine companion. They are not suitable, however, for families with very young children who, due to their young age, still do not know how to treat a dog properly.

Pug dog breed care


The pug is not a dog that requires a lot of time invested in care, but that does not mean that we can forget their needs. It will be necessary, for example, to brush his coat once or twice a week, to keep his coat healthy and shiny, free of dirt and dead hair. Keep in mind that they tend to lose a lot of hair; if you want to prevent your house from getting full of hairs, brush the pug as much as you can. Bathing should not be very frequent, only when it is really dirty. Watch out for wrinkles! It is best to clean them with a damp cloth and dry them thoroughly to avoid the appearance of fungi and other skin infections.

We should not demand a very intense exercise from the dogs of race pug. Moderate walks a couple of times a day, complemented with appropriate games inside or outside the home are enough to meet the physical needs of our dog pug. Beware also of thermal shocks, especially if you live in an area of very hot and humid climate.

Pug Dog


In order to finish the section of cares, we comment you again the importance of the company for this dog. The pug is not a dog with a character compatible with people who spend most of the day away from home. They need constant attention and affection, as excessive loneliness saddens them and makes them somewhat destructive. This doesn't mean that you can't leave home because you have a pug; a normal life, 8 hours at work, leisure time on weekends, etc, is fine. But we don't recommend leaving a pug dog alone for an entire day, let alone longer periods.

Otherwise, the pug is a very adaptable dog and can live in all kinds of dwellings and environments, even in densely populated urban areas!

As for training, like socialization, it is quite simple in the case of pug dogs. We recommend training in a positive tone, oriented to reward. Clicker training gives very good results. You can also reward the pug with treats for dogs, but don't overdo it, beware of its weight! Dogs would love to feed on prizes, but it can't be!


SEE ALSO: What Breeds of Dogs are Most Likely To Suffer Heatstroke?


The most common pug dog health problems


The pug is usually a fairly healthy dog, but it should highlight its main problem, the short snout. This funny feature has its negative side, and can negatively affect the health of the pug. Some pathologies related to this are respiratory problems, elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, patellar luxation, entropion and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.


On the other hand, they occasionally present cases of epilepsy and also eye injuries, the latter due to their bulging eyes.

Pug Dog Breed Info


Last but not least, as we have already mentioned, beware of their food! They tend to get a little chubby; and as we know, if we let it go and they end up suffering from canine obesity, this can have very negative consequences for their health! Don't give him too many treats, and when it comes to feed, give him one that is appropriate for his age and size. If you find a specific one for pug dogs, even better.
Pug Dog Breed Information, a Small Great Dog Pug Dog Breed Information, a Small Great Dog Reviewed by Sophia Grace on February 25, 2019 Rating: 5

How to Train Your Dog to Poop and Pee in the Right Place

February 15, 2019
The ideal thing to train a dog in hygiene habits is to do it since it is a puppy, although it is also possible to train an adult dog with effort and dedication.

Your dog's training should also include certain hygiene habits that will help prevent behavioral problems and the proliferation of pathogens in the home. Here's a 3 steps guide to help you train your dog in good hygiene habits.

3 basic steps for teaching good hygiene habits to your dog


3 basic steps for teaching good hygiene habits to your dog


Ideally, you should start teaching these hygiene habits to your dog when he's still a puppy. But if you've decided to adopt an adult dog, it's also possible to educate and socialize it with patience and affection.

In both cases, remember to use positive reinforcement to stimulate their learning, and start educating them from the moment they arrive home.

Step 1: Define Allowed and Prohibited Home Spaces


By the time your dog arrives home, it will be critical to determine what your dog's permitted and prohibited locations will be. We're not just talking about where your dog will or won't be able to take care of his needs, but also about the regions of the home that he will be able to frequent freely.

Of course, the rules of each house are determined by those who live in it. In other words, it is your choice to define what the rules will be when they are presented to your best friend. The important thing is to transmit these rules clearly and objectively, so that your dog understands how he should behave in his new home.

An example to consider: will your dog be able to get on the couch or on the bed? If the answer is no, then remember to teach him that these places are not allowed, and which regions of the home he can freely frequent.

Step 2: Determine your meal times


This is one of the most important aspects when teaching hygiene habits to a dog. Your pet needs to understand what his meal times are and when he should respect our feeding times. It is also essential to teach your pet not to look for food in the trash.

Although a dog may seem tender asking for food at the foot of the table, it is not advisable to reinforce this behavior; it is necessary to avoid bad habits from the beginning.

Nor should we offer food or rewards to our dog to stop him from engaging in unwanted behavior, such as excessive barking. Almost always, this leads to unconscious training, as the animal assimilates that it is rewarded for misconduct.

Ideally, divide the total amount of food your dog eats per day into two or three feedings. In this way, we prevent your friend from going many hours without eating and being tempted to rummage through garbage or closets.

Step 3: Train Your Dog to Poop in a Designated Area


One of the most important hygiene habits is to teach your dog to poop in the right place. To do this, we first have to define whether we want the dog to poop in the street or in a certain space of the home.

We advise you to train your dog to do his needs in the street. This allows you to maintain better hygiene at home and is also an excellent exercise for your friend's mind.

How to train a dog to poop and pee in the street?


Before you start teaching your dog to do his needs on the street, it will be essential to complete his first cycle of vaccinations. This usually happens when the dog completes its first three or four months of life.

During this period, we can take advantage to get our dog used to walking with his harness or collar. In our own house we will make some small walks, and we will teach the dog not to pull the leash and walk in a balanced and calm way.

When the time comes, we start by setting the times of the walks to the street. Remember that it is essential to establish a routine for your dog to assimilate and understand that these are the times to do their needs.

During walks, we should always let the dog sniff freely, express itself and interact with other dogs. Every time the dog urinates or defecates in the street, we offer a reward to reinforce this behavior.

Even if your dog has already learnt to do his business on the street, we advise you to leave a 'park' or 'bathroom' at his disposal at home. This is especially true if the animal has to stay at home alone for more than four or five hours.

Excessive retention of urine can lead to urinary tract problems, as well as being very uncomfortable. Therefore, it is best to leave an absorbent towel or newspaper where the dog can take care of himself.

3 basic steps for teaching good hygiene habits to your dog

How to Train Your Dog to Poop and Pee in the Right Place How to Train Your Dog to Poop and Pee in the Right Place Reviewed by Dog Universum on February 15, 2019 Rating: 5

8 Tips for Taking Care of Your Dog

January 23, 2019
In order to take care of a dog safely, it is necessary to bear in mind that accidents do not only occur when leaving home, but also in the domestic environment.

Having a dog in the house requires fulfilling certain obligations. In this way, our best friend will be well cared for and pampered. In this article we will tell you some tips to take care of a dog safely, whether at home, on a trip or on the street.

Tips for Taking Care of Your Dog


How to take care of a dog safely at home


There is no doubt that a home with a dog or cat is different from a home where there are no animals. They are very important to our lives because they offer us their affection, their protection and their unconditionality. But it is also true that as owners we have certain obligations with these wonderful beings.

Beyond feeding them, taking them for walks and taking them to the vet once a year, there are other ways to take care of a pet safely at home. Here are some recommendations:

1. Don't leave dangerous objects within reach


You should keep in mind that a pet is like a small child, who does not know about dangers or possible accidents that may occur in the home. Therefore, we recommend that you do not leave cables, cleaning products, cutting elements, toxic plants or glass or porcelain objects within your reach.

2. Choose safe rooms


Everything depends on the type of pet you have, but in any case we advise you to be solid, the right size for the animal and, above all, comfortable. Cages, terrariums or aquariums should be placed far from windows, heaters, electrical sockets or air conditioning.

3. Secure balconies or staircases


If you are going to allow your dog access to the outside (e.g. balcony), you will need to install a system to prevent them from falling or crossing the limits. Some owners choose to put fences, others place nets and there are those who opt for fences.

Something similar happens with stairs, because to climb there are usually no problems, but to go down them. Also dog puppies or cats are very curious and will want to know what is at the top of the home!

4. Install fire and alarm systems


It doesn't matter if you're away from home all day or just if you go out for a few moments. Accidents can happen at any time, and you have to act as soon as possible! Many people choose to install a fire detector that remotely alerts the homeowner.

If you want to install an alarm system, you should choose one designed for homes with animals. In this way, you will avoid that when the pet moves from one room to the other it is activated.

5. Place cameras


This may seem like a bit of eccentric advice to take care of your pet safely, but it can help you know that the animal is fine in your absence. Some systems allow us to see from the mobile what happens in the home when we are not there.

SEE ALSO: How to Keep Your House Clean with Dogs


Tips for taking care of your dog safely outdoors - Australian Shepherd


Tips for taking care of your dog safely outdoors


Not only should you be careful at home, but also when you go for a walk in the park or go on holiday by car. Pay attention to these tips:

1. Place a chip


If for some reason your dog escapes or runs off to chase another dog, it will be easier to find it if it has a microchip installed. This device is placed by the vet and is painless for the animal.

2. Always wear it on a leash


Even if your dog is well taught and behaves very well on the street, you'll never know when it will find something that urges it to disobey you. It can be a female in heat, a cat or the sound of a car.

To take care of your pet safely you have to accustom it not only to be on a leash, but not to pull or go in front of you. You can, if you want, buy an extendable leash to give her a little freedom but still monitor her.

3. Care in the car


If you're going on holiday with your dog, don't let him stick his head out the window, don't let him out of the car without a leash and don't let him loose on the beach, in the mountains or in the woods.

With these tips, you'll make sure that your dog doesn't suffer accidents or get lost or hurt.

8 Tips for Taking Care of Your Dog

8 Tips for Taking Care of Your Dog 8 Tips for Taking Care of Your Dog Reviewed by Dog Universum on January 23, 2019 Rating: 5

Dog Food Is Withdrawn Due to Potentially Harmful Levels of Vitamin D

January 09, 2019
The manufacturer of several brands of pet food (Sunshine Mills), is withdrawing three of its products for puppies and adult dogs from the market, citing potentially high levels of vitamin D that could lead to "serious health problems," including kidney failure.

Dog Food Is Withdrawn Due to Potentially Harmful Levels of Vitamin D


The affected brands are Evolve, Sportsman's Pride and Triumph, the company said in a statement also posted on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Web site.

"Vitamin D, when consumed at very high levels, can cause serious health problems in dogs, including kidney dysfunction," the company said. Symptoms include vomiting, loss of appetite, increased thirst and urination, excessive drooling and weight loss.

Evolve Chicken & Rice Puppy Dry Dog Food, Sportsman's Pride Large Breed Puppy Dry Dog Food and Triumph Chicken & Rice Recipe Dry Dog Food with a "Best Purchase Date Code from November 1, 2018 to November 8, 2019" are affected and should not be used to feed pets. Dogs that have eaten them and show any of the symptoms should be seen by a veterinarian, the company said.

Consumers who have purchased the recalled products can return them to the seller for a refund.

No other Evolve, Sportsman's Pride or Triumph product has this problem, the company said.

Several other manufacturers have recently issued dog food recalls due to potentially high levels of vitamin D, including Elm Pet Foods, which uses Sunshine Mills facilities, according to the company's Web site.

Similar cases occurred with ANF Inc., Nutrisca, Natural Life and the Lidl supermarket chain (in Orlando brand dog foods).

Click here for a complete dog food recall list
Dog Food Is Withdrawn Due to Potentially Harmful Levels of Vitamin D Dog Food Is Withdrawn Due to Potentially Harmful Levels of Vitamin D Reviewed by Katie Grace on January 09, 2019 Rating: 5

4 Reasons Dogs Are The Best Company a Writer Can Have

January 04, 2019
Being a writer requires a lot of time in isolation, are hours and hours of being locked indoors between reading and writing, so it can become a very lonely profession.

Why are Dogs The Best Company a Writer Can Have?


And what do our furry friends have to do with it? Here are 4 reasons why dogs are the best company a writer can have:

1. Spending a lot of time at home, your dog friend will make you a companion at every moment, making you never feel alone.

Dachshund Dog Reading Book


2. Many times, after having written or read for hours, the best option you can have to relax is to go out and stretch your legs. What better company than your dog on those occasions. Also, the best ideas usually come when we walk.

English Bulldog


3. Being a writer can be a very frustrating profession, because we have to deal with failure every day (if no one wants to publish your book, if no one visits your blog, if you've already lost another contest) so our dogs, being totally empathic beings will help us overcome these bitter moments.

Dachshund


4. Love and fidelity in this era are rare concepts, and what better than our dog to teach us the true meaning of these. The love of a dog (beyond that you can come to believe that he only wants you because you feed him) is the purest you can find, are animals that until the last day of his life you will be faithful.

SEE ALSO: Why are Dogs More Friendly and Sociable Than Cats?


Toy Poodle Dog Reading Book


And finally, remember that if your dogs could read, they would be the biggest admirers of your work. What other reasons do you think there are why dogs are the best company a writer can have? Leave your answers in the comments.

Thank you for reading me to the end! If you liked the article, don't forget to share it.
4 Reasons Dogs Are The Best Company a Writer Can Have 4 Reasons Dogs Are The Best Company a Writer Can Have Reviewed by Katie Grace on January 04, 2019 Rating: 5

Why are Dogs More Friendly and Sociable Than Cats?

December 31, 2018
If you ask a person who has a dog why he prefers dogs to cats, his answer may be: "Dogs are more friendly and sociable. What's true about that? Let's look at the reasons why this is said.

Why are Dogs More Friendly and Sociable Than Cats


Are dogs really more sociable?


First of all, we want to reaffirm that we love all animals, whether dogs, cats or any other, and that this article is limited to reporting the results of studies conducted between the two favorite pets in the world: dogs and cats.

We cannot deny that dogs are more expressive and show more affection when we get home, when we give them a prize or when we take them for a walk. These are the obvious, superficial reasons why many claim that dogs are more sociable than other pets.

But there are deeper arguments to prove it, such as the existence of two genes that play an important role in a disease that also affects humans, Williams-Beuren syndrome. It has been shown that humans with this disorder present an extreme and indiscriminate sociability, fruit of the disease.

The study was carried out at the University of Oregon, Princeton and some others. During this study both genes were found, which have to do with the human disorder, and which in dogs presents as a mutation of both on one chromosome.

Rottweilers


How was the study conducted?


To analyze the certainty of this issue, the behavior of 18 dogs of different breeds, whether pure or hybrid, was taken into account. In addition, 10 captive-bred wolves were added to the experiment. As a conclusion, it was found that although both species coexisted with humans, dogs showed a much higher level of sociability than wolves.

Although the genes are similar, they are only matched between people and dogs in the level of sociability. In people, for example, this disorder also gives rise to a specific physical appearance, such as that of an elf. It appears to be caused by the loss of part of chromosome seven.

In dogs, however, these mutated genes are found on chromosome six and the animal does not undergo any change in its physical appearance. In addition, they are present in all dogs, regardless of race or age, which gives them that sociability. However, there may be variations depending on the specimen. Thus, some may suffer alterations in these genes and make them more sympathetic than normal. Or the opposite, to be altered in such a way that their sociability is less than usual.

It is also believed that the existence of these genes has to do with relationships with humans, as it is estimated that this alteration of genes made the wolves feel fear and became more peaceful, gaining trust in each other and giving rise to the pet-person relationship that we know today.

British Shorthair


Does this mean that cats are not sociable?


Of course not. As we said at the beginning, we are in favor of all pets and animals. Cats are very suitable animals to live with us, so although they have a reputation for being more independent, they are still very good companion animals.

The difference is that cats "go more on their own", caring nothing more than themselves. They love us, but when they want to, they pamper us, but when they want to, and they come to us, but when they want to.

This is the marked difference with dogs, and also the fact that cats do not usually react in the same way to the presence of strange people or pets. It's something you can't deny, but we don't want to underestimate them at all.

Do you belong to dogs or cats? I'm sure you've already noticed this difference, but did you know why?
Why are Dogs More Friendly and Sociable Than Cats? Why are Dogs More Friendly and Sociable Than Cats? Reviewed by Katie Grace on December 31, 2018 Rating: 5
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