Monday, August 27, 2018

All About Dog Vaccinations
We all know that vaccinating our pets is necessary (and mandatory). But do you know how they work and what kinds of vaccines are available? Read on to find out everything you need to know about canine vaccination.

All About Dog Vaccinations

Dogs vaccines, what are they?

Vaccination is a process of immunization against a disease by injection, by which a weakened antigen (the causative agent of a disease) is introduced, forcing the body to deal with it in order to destroy it. This means that the disease does not appear or, if it does, it is much milder.

The introduced antigen weakens to the point of not being able to spread the disease, but it is strong enough to force the body to react to immunization. This works for both vaccines in dogs and other animals, including humans. There are different types of vaccines depending on the degree of attenuation of the antigen:

  • Live attenuated vaccine: the organism is alive, but it has lost its virulence. By performing cell culture series, or by inoculating the virus into another animal species where it has no effect.
  • Inactivated vaccine: This type of vaccine deals with antigens and destroys them, but is not able to provide immunity to the body.
  • Synthetic vaccine: It is introduced into the body for the sole purpose of provoking a response to the antigen.

The vaccines in dogs can be of any of these three types, depending on the disease to be treated.

List of Dog Vaccines

The vaccines in dogs are very varied. Some of them serve only to prevent a particular disease, such as rabies. This is called a monovalent vaccine.

Others, on the other hand, are versatile. That is to say, the same injection serves to avoid several different diseases. There are these types of polyvalent vaccines for dogs:

  • Trivalent vaccine: covers distemper (a viral disease that is often fatal, affecting the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, and often the nervous system), viral hepatitis and leptospirosis (a bacterial disease that affects several systems including the kidneys and liver; can be fatal. Only a risk in certain geographic locations so not used routinely for every dog. Your vet can help you decide if your dog should have this vaccination).
  • Tetravalent vaccine: protects against parvovirus (a viral disease that causes severe vomiting and diarrhea, and which can be fatal), distemper, viral hepatitis and leptospirosis.
  • Pentavalent vaccine: effective against parvovirus, distemper, viral hepatitis, infectious tracheobronchitis and leptospirosis.
  • Hexavalent Vaccine: Faces distemper, viral hepatitis, parvovirus, kennel cough, rabies (a fatal viral disease that attacks the nervous system and that is contagious to humans) and leptospirosis.
  • Heptavalent vaccine: distemper, hepatitis, canine leptospira, leptospira hicterohemorrhagicus, parvovirus, kennel cough, adenovirus type 1.

Find out what side effects some dog vaccines can have.

Some vaccines in dogs are mandatory, others are optional and recommended depending on the environment in which you live. Always check with your vet about your pet's vaccination schedule and make sure you keep as many up-to-date as you need - only then will you be in good health!

All About Dog Vaccinations

Side Effects of Dog Vaccines
Dog vaccines are very important to keep dogs from getting all kinds of diseases, so we can't skip them, so remember that you are responsible for your pet's health! However, sometimes there is a small price to pay for our furry ones to get rid of serious illnesses. These side effects of vaccines are usually not serious and are transient, just like when we get side effects from our medications. Although they're not worrying, it's good to be informed. Don't miss it!

Side Effects of Dog Vaccines

Vaccines for dogs

There are lots of diseases that our pets can catch, of varying severity or severity. Ailments such as rabies, distemper or leishmaniasis can be a serious problem, even causing the death of the dog. That's why it's vital to avoid them with vaccines.

It doesn't always happen, but sometimes vaccines for dogs (just like people's vaccines and like any other medicine) can cause a mild reaction in the body - why does it happen? After all, the vaccine consists of introducing a foreign pathogen into the body, which is in fact a weakened or neutralised sample of the pathogen we want to avoid. That is why the organism, surprised, may react strangely, trying to cope with it.

Don't worry! It's not serious and it usually happens in a few hours or a few days. Under no circumstances should adverse effects be a reason to cancel vaccines, they are very important!

Not all dogs are equally prone to post-vaccination symptoms; the most vulnerable are puppies, in addition to neutered dogs and some breeds in particular, usually small breeds.

Side effects of dog vaccines

Side effects of dog vaccines

These are the most common side effects of vaccines:


It is quite normal for dogs to be drowsy or tired after vaccinations, or even decayed. Many dogs often fall asleep after vaccinations to recover from stress. What a scare to scare the needles!


If you notice that your dog, after vaccination, is a little listless or lonely, it is also normal. Many dogs experience mood swings, sometimes they even get a little aggressive.


This is perhaps the most common side effect of dogs vaccines. Many times the puncture site is inflamed, like a chickpea; sometimes it is also red. That's just because the liquid hasn't spread well over the body yet, it's just piled up there. It's okay! In a matter of hours it will filter itself out and nothing needs to be done.

It can also be an allergic reaction to the needle or alcohol, but this is much less common.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Stomach aches, vomiting or passing diarrhea are quite normal after some vaccines, which are a little aggressive. It is usually accompanied by a loss of appetite and sometimes also a slight inflammation in the gut, perceptible to the touch.

Respiratory problems
Some vaccines are given intranasally rather than subcutaneously. This type of vaccine can cause sneezing, coughing, and runny nose, sometimes accompanied by a fever - it's like having the flu! If your dog is sick, he will most likely sleep all day and not want to eat.

This side effect is serious and we should pay close attention to the symptoms. These usually appear within a few hours (or even minutes) of vaccination and cause a swelling of the muzzle and throat that makes breathing very difficult. You can also weaken your pulse, have diarrhea, vomiting, redness...

It is because the body reacts in a really negative way that it tries to fight the vaccine so aggressively that it destroys red blood cells.

Anaflaxia, although severe, is rare. However, whenever your pet is vaccinated, be sure to stay with him or her and watch him or her for a few hours after the injection. This way you can detect any anomalies and take them to the vet as soon as possible if necessary.

Did you know about the side effects that dog vaccines can have?